Environmental Benefits of Conserving Coggins Farm

If a generous portion of Coggins Farm was protected in a conservation easement, what are the environmental benefits that impact us on a local level? Let’s take a closer look at the existing and thriving wildlife, plant life, and established farmland on Coggins Farm.

Wildlife

As the city of Asheville continues to grow, welcoming in more residents and building permits for new homes, Coggins Farm has steadily remained largely undeveloped and a natural habitat to many species of wildlife that are native to Western North Carolina. These marvelous creatures include:

Great Blue Heron ● Wild Turkey ● Red Tailed Hawk ● White-Tailed Deer ● Black Bear ● Red Fox ● Bobcat ● Corn Snake ● Eastern Box Turtle ● Groundhog ● Gray Fox ● Turkey Vulture ● Eastern Screech Owl ● Great Horned Owl ● Pileated Woodpecker ● Peregrine Falcon ● Cottontail Rabbit ● Salamander

Plant Species & Habitats

The ecosystem of the Southern Appalachia is incredibly lush and diverse, making Coggins Farm no exception. This largely undeveloped 169 acres of rich woodlands, open space and farmland has been home to a collection of thriving plant species and natural habitats for various creatures and critters of WNC.

 Open space and woodlands include the following plant and tree species:

  • Rhododendron (Rhododendron ferrugineum)
  • Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
  • American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  • Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
  • Carolina silverbell (Halesia tetraptera)
  • Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • Red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • White oak (Quercus alba)
  • Northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
  • Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
  • Yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava)
  • Basswood (Tilia americana)

Native Fungi & Medicinal Herbs

As a large tract of land in the southern Appalachian Mountains, Coggins Farm has hosted a high diversity of fungi and medicinal herbs. Nearly 2,300 species of fungi have been identified throughout the Southern Appalachian Mountains, which thrive on the wet mountain and woodland environments.

Fungi

Lion’s Mane ● Puffball ● Morel ●

Lobster ● Chanterelle ● Oyster ● Reishi

Medicinal Herbs

Stinging Nettles ● Jewel Weed ● Oatstraw ●

Black Walnut ● Dandelion ● Milkweed ● Motherwort ●

 Meadowsweet ● Witch Hazel

Agricultural Productivity

Did you know that the growing network of WNC tailgate farmers markets was catalyzed by Coggins Farm? The concept of encouraging the production and sale of Appalachian grown local foods at tailgate markets was initiated in 1980 by George Coggins, whose father, Henry Allen Coggins, owned the land in the early part of the 20th century and was one of the founders of the Farmers Federation in 1920.

The history of this farmland is rich, as it  has significantly impacted our access to locally grown produce in Southern Appalachia. Coggins Farm has also served as an incubator for several of WNC successful organic farmers and herbalists.

Preserving 75 acres of Coggins farm in an easement would protect the working agricultural lands and maintain it’s productivity. It would also secure this farmland as an educational incubator for organic farmers WNC and students of farming and herbalism.